Written by Daniel Rutschmann.
This article is shows you how to install and set up Code::Blocks and GCC on Windows. Do not follow this article if you are on Linux or Mac.
On a 64 bit Windows, use the following settings:
Settings for 64 bit Windows
If you have a 32 bit Windows, select i686 as architecture.
Make sure that you have GCC installed, preferably a version \(\ge 7\). To see which version you have installed, simply run gcc --version from the terminal.
Download and run the installer from Sourceforge. You don’t need to change any of the installation options, the default ones are fine. Select “Yes” to run Code::Blocks now.
When you run Code::Blocks for the first time, it asks you which compiler it should use. Just hit ‘OK’, we will configure the compiler manually.
Select ‘No’ when asked whether you want to change the file extension policy.
Next we will set up the compiler settings. Click on Settings>Compiler.
Select Cygwin GCC. (Yes, we are not using Cygwin, but the minGW64 compiler executable names match those from Cygwin.).
First of, click on ‘Set as default’.
Next, on the ‘Toolchain executables’ tab, set the installation directory to the place you installed minGW. (On Ubuntu, the path should be /usr/.)
Next, we will configure the compiler flags. Go to the ‘Compiler settings’ tab, select the ‘Other compiler options’ tab and paste the following flags
Now hit ‘OK’. If the compiler asks you about enabling compiler flags, click ‘Yes’.
You’ll get an environment error in the bottom right, talking about ‘GNU GCC’, but you can safely ignore it, as we set the compiler to ‘Cygwin GCC’.
Try running sudo apt-get install codeblocks. On some versions of Ubuntu, this installs an ancient version of Code::Blocks. (Version 13.12) If that is the case, try the following commands instead to get version 16.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:damien-moore/codeblocks-stablesudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get install codeblocks
Next, follow the instructions for Windows, but use ‘GNU GCC’ instead of ‘Cygwin GCC’.
Click on ‘Settings>Debugger…’.
Click on ‘Default’ and set the ‘Executable path’ to the gdb.exe in the folder you installed minGW. In my case, this is C:\Program Files\mingw-w64\x86_64-8.1.0-win32-seh-rt_v6-rev0\mingw64\bin\gdb.exe. (On Ubuntu, this would be /usr/bin/gdb.)
Then click ‘OK’.
You can clean up quite some space on your screen by removing some of the toolbars. Click on ‘View>Toolbars’ and uncheck the following
- Browse tracker
- Code completion
Download and unzip the SOI project template from here. (If you’re on Ubuntu, instead use the version here.) Open your Code::Blocks installation directory (In my case C:\Program Files (x86)\CodeBlocks) and navigate to share\CodeBlocks\templates\wizard. In there, you should find a bunch of folders (‘arduino’, ‘arm’, ‘avr’, …).
Copy the ‘soi’ folder from the zip file into the wizard folder. (The resulting folder path should look something like C:\Program Files (x86)\CodeBlocks\share\CodeBlocks\templates\wizard\soi.) We now also need to register the template.
- Copy config.script from the wizard folder to your desktop.
- Edit config.script on your desktop: Open the file in your favorite text editor. Below function RegisterWizards(), there should be a bunch of lines with calls to RegisterWizard(...). Before all those lines, add a new line with
RegisterWizard(wizProject, _T("soi"), _T("A SOI task"), _T("Console"));
- Copy config.script from your desktop back to the wizard folder, overwriting the existing file. If you’re asked about admin rights, agree to continue.
At this point, you should reopen Code::Block, so that it registers the project template.
The path to the wizzard folder should be /usr/share/codeblocks/templates/wizard/. On order for you to be able to edit the files there, you’ll need to run file manager with sudo. (sudo nautilus from the terminal.) Other than that, you can follow the instructions for Windows.
To create a project, click on ‘File>New>Project…’.
Select ‘A SOI task’ and hit ‘Go’.
On the next page, name the project and select a folder to create it in. You probably want to create an empty folder to place all SOI-projects in.
Hit ‘Finish’. A security warning will pop up about Operation: RENAMEFILE. Select Mark this script as TRUSTED permanently. (You can have a look at the script at C:\Program Files (x86)\CodeBlocks\share\CodeBlocks\templates\wizard\soi\wizard.script and check that it is safe to run.)
To open the cpp file, uncollapse the Sources folder and double click on <projectname>.cpp. The project also contains two sample inputs, you can find them in the Others folder. You can ignore the Headers folder.
First, make sure that the project you want to build is selected on the left. To select a project, simply double click on its name. (“Addition” in this case.)
- To build, click on the yellow gear. (Hotkey: Ctrl-F9).
- To run, click on the green arrow. (Hotkey: Ctrl-F10)
- To both build and run, click on the yellow gear with the green arrow. (Hotkey: F9)
In projects created with the SOI template, there are two different targets you can use
- Console: Read from console input.
- Samplefiles: Read from sample01.in, sample02.in, sample03.in, … (located in the project folder.)
If the compilation fails, you can see the error messages at the bottom. Double clicking on one of them then shows you the line where the error occurred.
Before running with GDB, click to the left of the first line of your main function. This creates breakpoint and a red dot will appear.
Next, click on the red arrow to run with GDB. (Hotkey: F8) The program then starts and breaks at the breakpoint.
At this point, we can set up the GDB perspective. Click on the icon with the bug and select ‘Watches” and ‘Call stack’.
You can the move the two windows to a more convenient place, such as the left hand side.
If you ever get asked to save the perspective, click “Yes”.
Now we’re ready to debug. You can use the icons on the debugger toolbar for various thing.
- Continue until we hit a breakpoint, a crash, or the program finishes. (Hotkey: F8)
- Execute the current line. (Hotkey: F7)
- Execute a single step. (Hotkey: Shift-F7)
- Continue until we return from the current function. (Hotkey: Ctrl-F7)
- Terminate the program and stop debugging. (Hotkey: Shift-F8)
At any point, we can see the current variables and the function on the stack on the left hand side.
If we run into a crash, an info message will pop up describing the crash. (In the screenshot, it is a division by zero.)